The Development of Self-directed Learning on Web Model for Enhancing Analytical Thinking Ability and Learning Achievement of Primary Students
The purposes of this study were: 1) to develop the self- directed learning on web model for enhancing analytical thinking and learning achievement of primary students and 2) to study the effects of implementing the developed web model. The research procedure consisted of 2 phases; the development and evaluation phase and the implementation of the developed model phase. The first phase was validated by 12 experts. The second phase included the experiment with 2 groups of prathom 6 students in Anuban Sukhothai School, Sukhothai Province; the self-directed learning on web with 35 students and the traditional class with 36 students. The data were analyzed by using arithmetic mean, standard deviation, t-test, one-way multivariate analysis of variance, and content analysis. The research findings were as follows: 1. The self directed-learning on web model for enhancing analytical ability and learning achievement of primary students consisted of 9 stages: 1) practicing and learning how to use web communication, 2) evaluating before learning, 3) selecting and identificating of learning activities, 4) setting the learning goal, 5) setting the learning plan, 6) following the learning plan, 7) making the conclusion, 8) conducting formative evaluation, and 9) conducting summative evaluation. 2. The effects of employing the self-directed learning on web revealed that: 1) The students’ posttest scores of analytical thinking ability and learning achievement were statistically significant higher than the pretest scores at .05 level. 2) The students learning with the self-directed web base achieved higher scores on analytical thinking ability and learning achievement than the students in the traditional class at the statistically significant level at .05. 3) The students’ opinions toward the self-directed learning on web were at high level. They also agreed that the self-directed learning on web could help them to develop analytical thinking ability, improve data searching, and computer usage skills.
self-directed learning; web-based instruction; analytical thinking ability; learning achievement
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