Hydration and Physico-mechanical Properties of Blended Calcium Sulfoaluminate-belite Cement Made of Industrial By-products
Portland cement blended Calcium Sulfoaluminate-belite (CŜAB) cements were studied in order to improve its binding properties and workability for specific applications. The binders consisted of calcium sulfoaluminatebelite, Flue Gas Desulfurization-gypsum and Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC). In this research, effects of OPC contents (25, 50, 75 wt%) as a CŜAB replacement on hydration behaviors and physico-mechanical properties of the binders were observed. Used CŜAB cement was synthesized using industrial by-products viz., fly ash, Flue Gas Desulfurization-gypsum, Al-rich sludge as starting materials via hydrothermal-calcination method. The results revealed that the replacement of CŜAB cement with OPC extended the setting times of pastes. The reduction of hydration rate with higher OPC content was due to dilution of fast setting phases such calcium sulfoaluminate and mayenite. Hydration products of calcium sulfoaluminate cement were ettringite responsible for high early strength together with Al(OH)3. From 6 h onwards, hydration of tricalcium silicate phase from the OPC generated calcium silicate hydrate. Strätlingite was also found in low OPC content mix resulting from the reaction between the Al(OH)3 and either alite phase in OPC or belite phase in CŜAB cement. Ettringite could also react with Al(OH)3 to generate monosulfate at later ages. The calcium sulfoaluminate phase was mainly responsible for the early mechanical properties, while OPC played an important role to improve strength at later ages.
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