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Control of Air Pollution from Biomass Burning of Pa-Dad Community

Banjarata Jolanun, Siraprapa romyen, Jansuda Khumtui



The research purposes are to investigate the status of air pollution problem and biomass burning in Padad community. Proper model for controlling air pollution from biomass burning which is related to the community-based context were also examined. The methodology used in this research was a mix of qualitative and quantitative method. A bottom-up approach was also emphasized in this study. The collection of data for this research was done by using document inspection, field survey, structured questionnaires, focus groups, participatory and non-participatory observations, in-depth interviews, workshop
seminars, etc. The collected data were analyzed in order to get some descriptive conclusions. The results showed that land clearing by burning the Mimosa Pigra L. (61.3%) and open burning both of plant residues and solid waste (38.7%) were major sources of air pollution. The emission of polluted air not only adversely affected human health (31.9-42.6%) but the welfare and properties (33.3%) were also damaged. In overall perspective, the study proposed 6 master projects to control the biomass burning as follows; 1) driving the law enforcement, 2) developing the advanced tax system, 3) promoting the participation and
awareness, 4) promoting an alternative method for utilization of biomass and plant residues, 5) performing the solid waste separation, and 6) implementing the community-based monitoring network. Proper indices of community-based air pollution control were 1) a reduction of burning frequency, 2) an increase in visibility, 3) an access to information on burning impact, and 4) a reduction of the complaint. Meanwhile, the Pa-Dad sub-district municipality and local leaders were assigned as a major role
in driving all master projects. Other parties in the community such as public health volunteers, youth council and local people were also participated.


<p>Air pollution, Biomass burning, Community<br />(Selected from 1st Symposium on Hands-on Research and Development, Chiang Mai)</p>

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