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Binary Integer Programming Approach to Optimal Content Placement in Cloud-based Content Delivery Networks

Nay Myo Sandar

Abstract


Over the last decades, Content Delivery Networks (CDNs) have been developed to overcome the limitation of user perceived latency by replicating contents from origin server to its content servers around the globe close to clients. As some contents occupy most of the storage capacity and processing power in traditional private content servers, cloud computing can provide a pool of storage and processing power resources for caching contents. By adopting cloud computing to CDN, the content provider can use the cloud infrastructure by distributing the contents to cloud servers which will then deliver to near clients. In this paper, we propose a cloud-based CDN framework designed by two schemes 1) UDP/TCP-based content distribution from origin server to cloud servers and 2) SDN-based cloud server coordination. In addition, we also formulate the optimal content placement problem using binary integer programming to minimize the total cost of renting resources including storage, processing power, and network bandwidth in cloud providers for hosting contents from origin server. Then, the optimal solution obtained from binary integer programming is evaluated by greedy algorithm and simulations. The proposed framework helps content provider to offer high quality of services to clients while minimizing the cost of rented cloud resources.


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DOI: 10.14416/j.asep.2021.01.006

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