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Mechanical, Absorption and Swelling Properties of Vinyl Ester Based Natural Fibre Hybrid Composites

Nadeem Ahmed Nasimudeen, Sharwine Karounamourthy, Joshua Selvarathinam, Senthil Muthu Kumar Thiagamani, Harikrishnan Pulikkalparambil, Senthilkumar Krishnasamy, Chandrasekar Muthukumar

Abstract


Natural fibres such as Banana (B), Jute (J) and Kenaf (K) were hybridized in different stacking sequences in vinyl ester. The composites with hybridized fibres were tested to evaluate their tensile, flexural and impact properties. Further, they were also tested for their water absorption and thickness swelling behavior. The hybridization of the fibre mats had an encouraging outcome on the mechanical behavior. The JKBKBJ hybrid composite possessed the maximum tensile strength (34.12 MPa) while maximum stiffness of 1.667 GPa was observed for the KBJJBK hybrid composites. The observations from the flexural testing indicated that the hybrid composites resisted the flexural load for higher displacement. All the hybrid configurations presented better impact strength over the composites reinforced with kenaf and jute fibres. Among the hybrid composites investigated, the KJBBJK hybrid composite displayed highest impact strength (12.32 kJ/m2). The improved strength, stiffness and lower moisture absorption properties make the composites with hybridized fibres a potential candidate for the light weight structural applications.

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DOI: 10.14416/j.asep.2021.08.006

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