Enhancement of CO2 Adsorption Containing Zinc-ion-exchanged Zeolite NaA Synthesized from Rice Husk Ash
Carbon dioxide is main causes the greenhouse effect and it contributes to global warming. Zeolite NaA is an excellent adsorbent among other materials but its potential as a carbon dioxide adsorption still needs to be developed. Therefore, this research was to synthesize zeolite NaA from rice husk ash under different temperatures and crystallization times. The synthesized zeolite NaA was modified with zinc by an ion exchange method. Adsorbents were tested for the carbon dioxide adsorption at different operating temperatures and flow rates. The results showed that the zeolite NaA was successfully synthesized from rice husk ash under optimal conditions of the crystallization temperature at 333.15 K and time for 2 h. The zeolite NaA can be synthesized at low crystallization temperature and time resulted in this adsorbent has low cost while achieving high efficiency. The results of zeolite NaA modification with zinc playing a key role to increase the BET surface area, micropore volume and total pore volume resulted in an increase of carbon dioxide adsorption capacity. High carbon dioxide adsorption at 89.08% with the operating temperature at 573.15 K and carbon dioxide flow rate of 1 L/h were shown with 5 wt.% zeolite NaA.
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