Improvement of Sheet Metal Properties by Inducing Residual Stresses into Sheet Metal Components by Embossing and Reforming
In sheet metal forming, combination of embossing and reforming allows the mechanical properties of sheet metal materials to be specifically improved. Here, local property modification is achieved by the residual stresses induced as a result of the one-sided embossing process followed by a reforming step. The residual stresses induced in this specific way can lead to a significantly increase in the fatigue strength of processed sheet metal components. However, in order to ensure this kind of component optimization in continuous operation, the induced stresses have to be homogeneous. In this respect, the main objective of the study reported about in this paper was to identify a forming strategy, consisting of the process steps embossing and reforming, that generates preferably homogeneous residual stress distributions into sheet metal blanks. For this, numerical and experimental investigations were carried out with samples of the stainless steel (X6Cr17) having a thickness of 1.5 mm. It was found that embossing and reforming, integrated into a conventional forming process, is a novel approach to specifically induce very localized homogeneous compressive residual stresses in sheet metal materials. This eliminates the need for costly post-processing by means of surface treatment.
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